East-West Church & Ministry Report
Vol. 3, No. 2, Spring 1995, Covering the Former Soviet Union and East Central Europe

Missionaries to the Former Soviet Union and East Central Europe:
the Twenty Largest Sending Agencies*

Assemblies of God 28 64 92 0 92
Biblical Education by Extension 12 51 63 2 61
Calvary Chapel of Costa Mesa 8 25 33 0 33
Campus Crusade for Christ 234 165 399 172 227
Child Evangelism Fellowship 25 64 89 0 89
Christian & Missionary Alliance 39 10 49 0 49
Church of Christ** 104 128 232 0 232
Church Resource Ministries 17 129 146 110 36
Evangelical Free Church Mission 12 52 64 21 43
International Teams 20 47 67 31 36
InterVarsity Christian Fellowship 32 12 44 44 0
Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod 32 15 47 36 11
Church of the Nazarene 16 21 37 19 18
Navigators 193 27 220 146 74
OMS International 87 14 101 83 18
Operation Mobilzation 40 43 83 62 21
Salvation Army 50 2 52 0 52
Seventh-day Adventists 49 10 59 25 34
Southern Baptist Convention 80 76 156 60 96
Youth With a Mission 1600 700 2300 2000 300
Total for 20 Agencies 2678 1655 4333 2811 1522
*To avoid double counting of many of the 862 one-year CoMission missionaries, this cooperative effort involving 12 sending agencies is not listed separately.

**Church of Christ totals do not include 200-300 mission-trip participants (1-6 weeks) because this short term of service falls below the 3- to 24-month designation for short-term missionaries.

Compiled by Pamela Meadows, research assistant for the Institute for East-West Christian Studies, Wheaton College.

Editor's Notes:
EWC&M Report staff recently contacted the 20 agencies which we presumed would have the largest number of Protestant missionary personnel in the former Soviet Union and East Central Europe. If we have overlooked any agencies with comparable missionary staff in former Soviet-bloc countries, we would welcome and publish corrections or additions.

Readers should first note that these figures, representing the 20 largest sending agencies, give no indication of the missionary personnel of hundreds of smaller ministries. At this point, the EWC&M Report is not aware that anyone possesses current totals for all Protestant missionaries in former Soviet-bloc countries. (Compare these figures for 20 agencies with Patrick Johnstone's estimates for total missionary personnel previously reported in the EWC&M Report 2 (Winter 1994), 5.) The Editors' impressions, admittedly based on no hard data, are that few agencies beyond this list have more than a handful of career missionaries each in the former Soviet Union and East Central Europe.

A second caution is that while the 20 agencies report a total of 4,333 missionaries, the majority of these (2,811) are short-term (from three months to two years). Also, bear in mind that recent Russian and Ukrainian government actions blocking CoMission access to public schools undoubtedly will have an impact on future short-term totals for sending agencies associated with the CoMission.

As for interpretive remarks, the Editors consider 1,522 career missionaries to be a relatively modest number for the 20 largest agencies for such a large and populous region. Considering the sizeable missionary concentrations in such cities as Budapest, Moscow, St. Petersburg, and Kiev, it would appear that many smaller cities and rural areas lack a significant missionary presence. Accounts of a missionary invasion penned by Western, Orthodox, and nationalist writers would appear to be overstated. But if the focus is on easily accessible cities and on large-scale, short-term summer ministries, it is easy to deduce the source of misleading impressions.

Finally, no Western missionary statistics should obscure the fact that indigenous Protestant missionaries and evangelists are less heralded but certainly more numerous than Western missionaries in such countries as Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus. (See EWC&M Report 2 (Winter 1994), 6.)

Pamela Meadows, Compiler, "Missionaries to the Former Soviet Union and East Central Europe: the Twenty Largest Sending Agencies," East-West Church & Ministry Report, 3 (Spring 1995), 10.

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1995 Institute for East-West Christian Studies
ISSN 1069-5664

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