East-West Church & Ministry Report
Vol. 2, No. 2, Spring 1994, Covering the Former Soviet Union and East Central Europe

Recommended Reading for Ministry in the Former Soviet Union

History, Culture, and Society
Batalden, Stephen K. and Sandra L.  The Newly Independent States of Eurasia: Handbook of Former Soviet Republics.  Phoenix, AZ:  Oryx, 1993, 3-24.  Succinct overview of the history, geography, ethnic composition, and current political and economic situation in the Russian Republic.
Powell, David E.  "Social Problems in Russia."  Current History 92 (October 1993), 25-30.  A sobering overview of increasing crime, violence, and drug abuse, compounded by a seriously faltering health-care system. 
Richmond, Yale.  From Nyet to Da:  Understanding the Russians.  Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press, 1991.  A wealth of cross-cultural common sense.  Learned, yet perfectly practical.  Based on many years of firsthand experience.  "Must" reading along with the LeClairs' Handbook for Christian Travelers
Solzhenitsyn, Alexander.  "Matryona's House" in We Never Make Mistakes.  New York: Norton, 1963,  61-100.  A moving novella with a powerful message.  This extraordinary examination of spiritual purity and innocence in the midst of human greed and avarice holds  up a Christlike model of undeserved suffering, contrasted with a multitude of moral compromises millions of people made either to survive or get ahead in Soviet Russia.

Armes, Keith.  "Chekists in Cassocks:  The Orthodox Church and the KGB."  Demokratizatsiya, the Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization 1 (No. 4, 1993):  72-83.  Highlights the serious ethnic, political, and moral cleavages within the Russian Orthodox Church today. 
Curtiss, John Shelton.  "Introduction" in The Russian Church and the Soviet State, 1917-1950.  Boston:  Little, Brown, 1953, 3-8.  Necessary historical background for the demoralized state of the Russian Orthodox Church on the eve of the 1917 Revolution.
Elliott, Mark.  "For Christian Understanding, Ignorance is Not Bliss."  East-West Church & Ministry Report 1 (Summer 1993), 5-7.  Evangelical and Orthodox Christianity:  what they share in common and what puts them at odds.
Hill, Kent R.  "The Orthodox Church and a Pluralistic Society" in Russian Pluralism, Now Irreversible?  Ed. by Uri Ra'anan, Keith Armes, and Kate Martin (New York:  St. Martin's Press, 1992), 165-88.  "Does Orthodoxy support the creation and nurturing of a pluralistic society?"  Most, but not all, of the evidence Hill cites suggests not. 
Kishkovsky, Leonid.  "The Mission of the Russian Orthodox Church After Communism."  East-West Church & Ministry Report 1 (Summer 1993), 1-2.  Summarizes the massive suffering of the Orthodox Church at the hands of Soviet communism and highlights signs of Orthodox renewal.
Fairbairn, Don.  "A Summary of Eastern Orthodox Thought."  March 1993.  Unpublished.  Charitable, yet searching, examination of Orthodox theology from an evangelical perspective.  Argues that Orthodoxy merges biblical understandings of salvation and sanctification.  Contact EWC&M REPORT for order information.
Pospielovsky, Dimitry.  "Church-State Relations in the USSR." Modern Encyclopedia of Russian and Soviet History.  Vol. 7, 108-18.  Information-packed survey focusing on Russian Orthodox-Soviet state relations since 1917 by a leading Orthodox layman and historian. 

Evangelical Ministry in the Former Soviet Union 
Deyneka, Anita.  "Building Bridges for God's Kingdom in the CIS." East-West Church & Ministry Report 1 (Winter 1993), 8.  A clarion call for cooperation.  Raises a host of critical considerations for effective ministry. 
____________.  "Russia's Restrictive Law on Religion:  Dead or Delayed?"  East-West Church & Ministry Report 1 (Fall 1993), 1-2.  Thesis:  We have not heard the end of it. 
Elliott, Mark.  "Growing Protestant Diversity in the Former Soviet Union" in Russian Pluralism:  Now  Irreversible?  Ed. by Uri Ra'anan,  Keith Armes, and Kate Martin  (New York:   St. Martin's Press, 1992), 189-205.  In particular, note pages 198-200 which treat the prospect of new denominations emerging from various Western parachurch efforts. 
Hill, Kent.  "Tips for Surviving and Thriving."  East-West Church & Ministry Report 1 (Winter 1993), 1-2.  Stresses knowing the culture and networking for best results. 
____________ and Mark Elliott.  "Are Evangelicals Interlopers?" East-West Church & Ministry Report 1 (Summer 1993), 3-4.  "Evangelicals have ample room to minister to millions of Russians who are spiritually adrift, without ever engaging in proselytizing." 
LeClair, Ray and Cindy.  Handbook for Christian Travelers to the CIS, Reflections on Russian Culture.  Wheaton, IL:  Slavic Gospel Association, 1993. Hands down, the best short introduction to sensible approaches to ministry, insights into the Russian secular mindset, and unique features of the evangelical subculture. 
Raber, Mary.  "Do's and Don'ts for First-Time Ministries in the Former U.S.S.R."  East-West Church & Ministry Report 1 (Winter 1993), 5.  Stresses the need for humility and homework. 
Sawatsky, Walter.  "After the Glasnost Revolution:  Soviet Evangelicals and Western Missions."  International Bulletin of Missionary Research 16 (April 1992), 54, 56-60.  Perhaps the best single, current critique of East European ministry today.  Contrasts Joe Bass's Underground Evangelism and Slavic Gospel Association (prior to the departure of Peter and Anita Deyneka) as instructive examples of how not to and how to be a winsome witness in the East.
____________.  "Protestantism in the USSR" in Religious Policy in the Soviet Union.  Edited by Sabrina Petra Ramet.  Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press, 1993, 319-49.  Succinct, seven-page capsule history of Evangelicals, 1917-75, with the remainder of the chapter devoted to 1975-1990, including the extraordinary decline in state interference under Gorbachev. 

Compiled by Mark Elliott, editor

Recommended Reading for Ministry in East Central Europe

History, Culture, and Society 
Ash, Timothy Garton.  The Magic Lantern.  New York:  Random House, 1990.  An engaging journalistic description of the revolutions in East Central Europe by an eyewitness. 
Nielsen, Niels C.  Revolutions in Eastern Europe; The Religious Roots.  Maryknoll, New York:  Orbis Books, 1991. (Hungary, 49-64; Poland, 65-84; Czechoslovakia, 85-102; Romania, 103-115; Bulgaria, 116-121; Albania, 122-127; and "Anatomy of the Revolutions," 149-160.)  Comprehensive survey comparing the role of the churches and religion in the revolutions, arguing that the bankruptcy of materialism was the root cause.  Sees the churches as providing the basis for civil society. 
Okey, Robin.  "Preface" and "The Feudal Inheritance" in Eastern Europe 1740-1980, Feudalism to Communism.  Minneapolis:  University of Minnesota Press, 1982, 9-34.  A well-crafted, broad-brushed introduction to the history of East Central Europe from the Middle Ages to 1980.  The selected pages, which focus mostly on the 16th to 18th centuries, give an insightful overview of many facets of this region's legacy of political subjugation, economic dysfunction, national and ethnic division, and fascinating cultural diversity.  The whole book is well worth the time. 
Stokes, Gale.  The Walls Came Tumbling Down. New York:  Oxford University Press, 1993.  Chapter Six ("1990-1991:  The First Two Years of a Long Time," 168-217) reviews the first post-Communist governments in the region and their attempts at market reforms.  Chapter Seven ("The Devil's Finger:  The Disintegration of Yugoslavia," 218-52) provides a contrast of political decay. 

Church-State Relations 
"Albanian Orthodox Church."  Albanian Insight 4 (January 1994), 1-4.  A helpful introduction.  Future issues will treat Islam and Catholicism. 
Broun, Janice.  "Bulgarian Orthodox Schism."  Religion in Eastern Europe 13 (June 1993),1-5.  Discussion of the split in the dominant church and the political factors causing it.
Mojzes, Paul.  "Albania:  Religion Outlawed" (115-32) and "After the Great Transformation" in "Hungary:  Concessions by Church and State" (263-71) in Religious Liberty in Eastern Europe and the USSR; Before and After the Great Transformation.  Edited by Paul Mojzes.  Boulder, CO:  East European Monographs, 1992.  Balanced treatment of Albania, including the first steps toward relaxation of religious prohibitions in 1989-90.  For more recent developments consult Albanian Insights.  The discussion of Hungary outlines the 1989-90 flowering of freedom of conscience in fact.  Complements the World Christianity chapter on Hungary edited by Philip Walters. 
____________.  "The Role of the Religious Communities in the War in Former Yugoslavia."  Religion in Eastern Europe 13 (June 1993), 13-22.  Longtime scholar of Yugoslavia finds that all churches have appealed to nationalism, exacerbating ethnic conflict. 
Nagorski, Andrew.  "The God and the Devil" in his The Birth of Freedom.  New York: Simon and Schuster, 1993, 231-69.  Veteran Time correspondent discusses religion and social mores in the post-1989 settings, especially in East Central Europe.  39
Neuhaus, John.  "Poland:  Reflections on a New World," First Things, no. 40 (February 1994), 19-22.  A conservative Catholic commentary favorable to a Catholic church facing the dilemmas of freedom. 
Pope, Earl.  "The Role of Religion in the Romanian Revolution," Occasional Papers on Religion in Eastern Europe 12 (March 1992), 1-18.  Reviews the various denominations, the growth of neo-Protestant groups, the role of the Reformed church in the revolution, and the issues dividing the churches under conditions of partial democratization. 
Ramet, Sabrina Petra.  "The New Church-State Configuration in Eastern Europe" and Gerd Stricker, "Afterword" in Protestantism and Politics in Eastern Europe and Russia.  Ed. by Sabrina Ramet.  Durham, NC:  Duke University Press, 1992, 310-51.  Although most contributions in this volume were written before the collapse of communism, these concluding chapters by established specialists ably treat Protestant diversity and the dramatic changes in church-state policies since 1989. 
Trojan, Jakub.  "The Position of the Church Throughout the Changes in Czechoslovak Society."  Religion in Eastern Europe 14 (February 1994), 18-43.  Czech authorities denied this Czech Brethren pastor and professor the right to preach from 1974 to 1990.  Treats wide-ranging state interference in church life, Christian-Marxist dialogue, Christian Peace Conference leader J.L. Hromadka (with ambivalence), and the exhilarating but difficult adjustment of the church to life after socialism. 
Walters, Philip, ed.  "Hungary" in World Christianity:  Eastern Europe (Monrovia, CA: Missions Advanced Research and Communication Center, 1988), 143-71.  Provides a fair-minded overview of the history of Hungarian Catholics and Protestants and summarizes developments in Christian evangelistic and social outreach, education, and literature distribution. 

Evangelical Ministry in East Central Europe 
Boszormenyi, Dalma and Harold Delaney.  "A Hurting Hungary." East-West Church & Ministry Report 1 (Spring 1993), 6-7.  Discusses the challenge to Christian work posed by the psychological damage inflicted by communism. 
Covington, William.  "Albania Firsthand."  East-West Church & Ministry Report 1 (Spring 1993), 6.  Growth of churches, mission cooperation, and proposed restrictive legislation are discussed.  Urges coordination, lobbying, and prayer to keep Albania open. 
Davies, Ron.  After Gorbachev?  How Can Western Christians Help?  Eastbourne, England: Missions Advanced Research and Communication Center, 1991, 17-25; 123-33.  Some of the most sensible counsel to be found anywhere for Western Christians seeking to be of service in post-Soviet societies.  Another volume worth reading cover to cover. 
Kuzmic, Peter.  "Myths and Misunderstandings in East European Ministry Today" in East-West Christian Organizations Directory.  Ed. by Sharon Linzey et al.  Evanston, IL:  Berry Publishing Services, 1993, 36-38.  Myths debunked include:  1) the present spiritual hunger will last; 2) Eastern Europe's salvation is in Western hands; 3) money will solve Eastern Europe's problems; 4) East European Christians are saints; and 5) research is not necessary. 
Moore, Art.  "Albanian Encouragement Project." East-West Church & Ministry Report 1 (Spring 1993), 5.  Describes the cooperative efforts of 30 Evangelical agencies in church-planting, theological education, literature distribution, and relief and development.  1
Tson, Joseph.  "Towards Reformation in Romania."  East-West Church & Ministry Report 1 (Spring 1993), 1-2.  Former dissident Baptist signals problems of short-term Western ministries, including follow-up and training, and challenge from the Orthodox church. 

Compiled by Robert F. Goeckel, Associate Professor of Political Science, State University of New York, Geneseo, and author of The Lutheran Church and the East German State:  Political Conflict and Change Under Ulbricht and Honecker (Ithaca, NY:  Cornell University Press, 1990).

Mark Elliott and Robert F. Goeckel, compilers, "Recommended Reading for Ministry in the Former Soviet Union and East Central Europe," East-West Church & Ministry Report, 2 (Spring 1994), 7-9.

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© 1994 East-West Church and Ministry Report
ISSN 1069-5664

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