East-West Church & Ministry Report
Vol. 2, No. 1, Winter 1994, Covering the Former Soviet Union and East Central Europe


Non-Indigenous Protestant Missionaries in Former Communist States of Eurasia

    Former Soviet Union
State Missionaries Population Population per Missionary
Armenia 10 3,290,000 329,000
Azerbaijan N/A* 7,130,000
Belarus 6 10,260,000 1,710,000
Estonia 45 1,600,000 35,556
Georgia 8 5,460,000 682,500
Kazakhstan N/A 16,690,000
Kyrgyzstan N/A 4,370,000
Latvia 29 2,610,000 90,000
Lithuania 4 3,720,000 930,000
Moldova 0 4,360,000
Russia 505 148,040,000 293,149
Tajikistan N/A 5,360,000
Turkmenistan N/A 3,620,000
Ukraine 48 51,940,000 1,082,083
Uzbekistan N/A 20,320,000
Missionaries "working in Eurasia or in sensitive countries" 458

Subtotal 1,113 288,770,000 259,452
    East Central Europe
State Missionaries Population Population per Missionary
Albania 1,113 288,770,000 259,452
Bulgaria 77 8,470,000 110,000
Czech Republic 87 10,310,000 118,506
Hungary 213 10,340,000 48,545
Poland 77 38,000,000 493,506
Romania 165 23,210,000 140,667
Slovakia 10 5,300,000 530,000
Former Yugoslavia** 53 23,600,000 445,283
Subtotal 864 122,530,000 141,817
Total 1,977 411,300,000 208,042
 
Editors' Observations
  1. Despite a dramatic increase in evangelical activity in the former Soviet Union and voluminous positive and negative publicity, more non-indigenous Protestant missionaries per capita actually work in East Central Europe.
  2. Among former Soviet republics, for which missionary data are available, Moldova is said to have no Protestant missionary presence, Belarus has the next lowest Protestant missionary-to-population ratio (1 per 1,710,000) and Estonia has the highest Protestant missionary-to-population ratio (1 per 35,556).
  3. In East Central Europe, Slovakia has the fewest Protestant missionaries per capita (1 per 530,000) and Albania has the highest (1 per 18,132).
  4. Sixty-five percent of non-indigenous Protestant missionaries in East Central Europe work in Hungary, Albania, and Romania, while in the former Soviet Union 45 percent work in the Russian Republic.
Compiled by Bob Schindler, Yvonne Bedford-Adamski, and Mark Elliott.

Sources:  Patrick Johnstone, Operation World (Grand Rapids, MI:  Zondervan, 1993); Brian Hunter, ed., Statesman's Yearbook (New York:  St. Martin's, 1993).


Bob Schindler, Yvonne Bedford-Adamski, and Mark Elliott, compilers, "Non-Indigenous Protestant Missionaries in Former Communist States of Eurasia," East-West Church & Ministry Report, 2 (Winter 1994), 5.

Written permission is required for reprinting or electronic distribution of any portion of the East-West Church & Ministry Report.

1994 Institute for East-West Christian Studies
ISSN 1069-5664


East-West Church & Ministry Report | Contents | Search back issues | From our readers | Subscribe
Feedback