The Washington-based Fund for Democracy and Development has the endorsement of Richard Nixon, Walter Mondale, Zbigniew Brzezinski, Alexander Haig, and Orrin Hatch. The Fund "provides guidance, financial and logistics support for the transportation of food, medicines, medical supplies, and limited quantities of other goods...to the people of the Commonwealth of Independent States." Between 24 February 1992, when the United Methodist Committee on Relief dispatched the first shipment, and mid-May 1993, the Fund delivered 2,088 containers with a retail value of over $100 million to 126 locations in eleven new states of the former Soviet Union. To date, over 400 different United States, Canadian, and European communities, representing over 300 humanitarian and civic organizations, churches, and individuals have donated over 26,000 metric tons of mainly private source humanitarian aid. The Fund projects summer 1993 shipments of 250 containers (mostly 40 feet long, some 20 feet) per month. For guidelines and application forms contact:
Compassion in Action
In the summer of 1992, Bishop John C. Favalora of the Catholic Diocese of St. Petersburg, FL, appealed to his parishes for foodstuffs for the needy of their namesake city, St. Petersburg, Russia. Church families who responded to the call packed boxes with 40 pounds of non-perishable items such as canned meat, tuna fish, flour, sugar, shortening, and candy for children. The 60 tons of food, which filled three of the Fund's 40-foot long containers, left Florida in September and arrived in Russia's second largest city in mid-November 1992. U.S.-born Father Januarius Izzo, a Franciscan priest assigned to St. Petersburg's only functioning Roman Catholic Church, and the Catholic relief agency Caritas distributed the food boxes without regard to religion, giving young children and nursing mothers priority.
Source: Call to Action, A Newsletter of the Fund for Democracy and Development, no. 6, 20 November 1992, 2-3.
Software in Cyrillic
Doug Smith, computer services manager for Slavic Gospel Association, Wheaton, IL, offers advice on computer technology
The Cyrillic alphabet used for Russian and other Slavic languages presents some unusual challenges in computer technology. MS-DOS-based machines dominate the Russian personal computer market. IBM and IBM compatibles account for 95 percent of the market.
In contrast to the standard, Roman alphabet keyboards in the West, no consensus exists for the layout of Cyrillic character computer (or typewriter) keyboards. Imagine sitting down in front of a Russian computer knowing that the letters and numbers may be arranged in twenty different ways. In addition, IBM compatible programs do not guarantee that text files can be shared with other users, a further complication for computer users.
Most methods of processing Russian under MS-DOS necessitate Cyrillic support (or an add-on) for each program. For example, word processing requires only one Cyrillic add-on, but each database and each desktop publishing software must have a separate add-on. In addition, each Cyrillic program must be key layout compatible with others programs. Difficulties may arise when one converts a word processing document into a different software program. In particular, the text conversion process often sacrifices format codes (page numbers, footnotes, and line spacing) and text attributes (bold, italics, and fonts). However, some manufacturers advertise Cyrillic font software packages that avoid this conversion loss. (For further information, contact companies listed below.)
If computer users need just word processing, either IBM compatible or Macintosh will work fine. Some add-on packages work exclusively with certain printers, while others claim one add-on will support laser, ink jet, and dot matrix printers. In addition, some add-on packages offer font sets which include Cyrillic characters for Belorussian, Macedonian, and Serbian (Bulgarian only needs the Russian set). Thus, computer users working with Slavic languages need to keep all these points in mind when choosing add-on packages.
Running Windows on IBM compatibles improves matters. The Cyrillic characters can be loaded into Windows and then can be made available to all Windows programs. However, MS-DOS programs will not work with this method. In addition, most IBM compatibles in the former Soviet Union are not powerful enough to run Windows.
Macintosh computers, on the other hand, install Cyrillic characters at the system level. Once installed, all Macintosh programs will easily work with Cyrillic. The data from these programs are interchangeable. Apple offers the Macintosh operating system in Russian (and many other languages), so the whole computer can run in Russian if desired. Many Macintosh software programs can take on additional Russian features, such as sorting in Russian alphabet order.
Non-English speaking persons find the Macintosh graphical interface far easier to use than IBM compatibles. Although Windows offers a graphical interface, much of the character interface must be dealt with. A variety of Macintosh add-on programs will work in Cyrillic, including automatic hyphenation, spell check, and conversion between files in various key layouts, even from MS-DOS computers.
Ministries needing Cyrillic fonts should seriously consider Macintosh hardware and software. IBM compatible users point out that Macintosh computers generally cost more. However, Mac users argue that time saved with Macintosh hardware and software easily pays for the difference in initial cost. Also, keep in mind that the runner-up IBM compatible program, Windows, requires a good deal of electrical power. Users can program IBM compatibles running only MS-DOS to accommodate Russian. On the other hand, if time matters, Macintosh may make the most sense.
Circle Noetic Services (Russian hyphenation and spell check software
5 Pine Knoll Dr.
Mount Vernon, NH 03057
Tel: 603-672-6151; fax: 603-672-8025
Exceller Software Corp. (Cyrillic fonts for IBM compatible and Macintosh;
fonts for WP Russian module)
2 Graham Rd., W
Ithaca, NY 14850-1055
Tel: 607-257-5634; fax: 607-257-1665
Font World, Inc. (many Cyrillic fonts for Macintosh and soon for Windows)
2021 Scottsville Rd.
Rochester, NY 14623
Tel: 716-235-6861; fax: 716-235-6950
Hooleon Corporation (high quality Cyrillic stick-on keyboard labels)
Box 230, Dept. CW91
Cornville, AZ 86325
Tel: 800-937-1337; 602-634-7515;
Linguist's Software, Inc. (Cyrillic fonts for IBM compatible and Macintosh)
Edmonds, WA 98020-0580
Tel: 206-775-1130; fax: 206-771-5911
Metro Software, Inc.
1870 W. Prince Rd., Suite 70
Tucson, AZ 85705
Tel: 602-292-0313; fax: 602-292-1563
Metro Software, Inc.
5A Greys Rd.
Oxon RG9 1S8 England
Tel: 444-91-579857; fax: 444-91-575046
(Russian word processing and module with spell check and hyphenator)
Russoft.wre (Russian-English word processor with translation aid; Russian conversion programs)
Madison, WI 53744
Tel: 608-274-6822; fax: 608-274-6823
Telephone Codes for Capitals and Cities of More Than One Million in East Central Europe and the Former USSR
(Soviet successor states use 7 as a country code unless
otherwise noted. Capitals are in italics and former Communist names are
|EAST CENTRAL EUROPE
ALBANIA 355--Tirana 42
BOSNIA 38--Sarajevo 71
BULGARIA 359--Sofia 2
CROATIA 38--Zagreb 41
CZECH REPUBLIC 42--Prague 2
HUNGARY 36--Budapest 1
MACEDONIA 38--Skopje 91
POLAND 48--Warsaw 22
ROMANIA 40--Bucharest 0
SERBIA (YUGOSLAVIA) 38--Belgrade 11
SLOVAKIA 42--Bratislava 7
SLOVENIA 061--Ljubjana 612
ESTONIA 372--Tallinn 2
KAZAKHSTAN 73--Alma Ata 3272
KYRGYZSTAN--Bishkek (Frunze) 3312
LATVIA 371--Riga 2
LITHUANIA 370--Vilnius 2
MOLDOVA 377--Chisinau (Kishinev) 2
All About English
Editor's note: excerpted with permission from Teaching English Abroad (1991): 172-73. Peterson's Guides, Dept. 2342, 202 Carnegie Center, Box 2123, Princeton, NJ 08543-2123. $13.95. Tel: 1-800-338-3282; Tel. in NJ and outside the U.S.: 609-243-9111. Fax: 609-243-9150. The "Eastern Europe" chapter (pp. 172-91) concentrates on Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Poland, and Bulgaria.
English language teaching in the countries of Eastern Europe is in a state of flux....Political change has provoked a linguistic revolution. Countries which once taught Russian as the first foreign language have committed themselves in principle to a great expansion of English teaching, and there is a tremendous need for native English speakers. Demand is greatest in Hungary, Poland, and Czechoslovakia, though all the countries of Eastern Europe...have opportunities in both state schools and emerging private language schools. Russian is out; English is in.
The local educational systems simply cannot produce enough local teachers of English for state schools. The best local teachers are very often drawn into private sector teaching where salaries are much greater, or go into banking or tourism. In all the countries of the region there are acute shortages of teachers, as training establishments cannot produce new teachers and retrain ex-Russian teachers to meet the demands of all their schools. Hence many state schools will welcome teachers, especially volunteers with little or no experience for conversation classes to supplement grammar taught by local school staff....
Those with qualifications and experience are obviously in the best position, though anyone with native-speaker status and the desire to experience life in this rapidly changing part of the world should find few problems....[See Counterpoint.] There is a burgeoning demand for volunteer teachers, including opportunities for shorter teaching stays of 1-3 months. Although the pay will be minimal, help with accommodation is usually given.
Ministries of Education and national educational establishments in the countries of Eastern Europe are...trying to attract qualified and experienced teachers. The very low pay offered, however, makes these jobs only marginally better than volunteer work....While opportunities vary from place to place and while the future is uncertain due to the speed of change, it is true to say that there will be a great demand for native EFL [English as a Foreign Language] teachers for many years ahead.
No! No! And no! This is the biggest misconception in EFL. Just because one speaks English does not mean s/he can teach it. It is my opinion that anyone coming to teach English in Eastern Europe/CIS needs some training--minimum though it be.
English Language Teaching Opportunities
|Name, address, phone, and fax||Countries/
to date or
Foreign Mission Society
Rev. Glenn Kendall, Personnel Dir.
Wheaton, IL 60189-0005
Tel: 708-665-1200; fax: 708-665-1418
|BA or BS; TESL
certificate; 1 year
BA or BS
|1 year $700/month
plus airfare & health
6 months $700/month plus
airfare & health insurance
|Educational Services International (ESI)
Mr. Andy Berwick, Dir. of Recruitment
1641 W. Main St., #401
Elhambra, CA 91801
Tel: 818-284-7955; fax: 818-570-9721
|BA or BS||summer/$2800
does not include transp.
|Free Methodist World Missions
Volunteers In Service Abroad (VISA)
Dr. John Gilmore, Dir. of Personnel & VISA
Box 535002, Indianapolis, IN 46253-5002
Tel: 317-244-3660; fax: 317-244-1247
|HU/7||BA or BS
|12 mo./travel &
|Greater Europe Mission Eurocorps
Mr. Lowell Benson, Asst. Personnel Dir.
Box 688, Wheaton, IL 60189
Tel: 708-462-8050; fax: 708-462-8059
BU, CZ, HU, RO
UK, YU, PO, LA
|high school diploma||9 wk/$2995|
|International Teams (IT)
Mr. Glenn Schuman, Director,
Placement and Counseling Advisor
Box 203, Prospect Heights, IL 60070
Tel: 800-323-0428; fax: 708-870-3399
|high school diploma||2 yrs./$1,000-
|Masaryk Fellowship Program
Mr. Eric Nonacs, Program Coordinator
1270 Avenue of the Americas, #609
New York, NY 10020
Fax: mail inquiries preferred
|CZ, SL/275|| 3 yrs. of college;
TESL training preferred;
teaching or tutoring
|1 mo. (July or August)/
small stipend provided;
participants must pay their
own way to & from Prague
|Mission to Unreached Peoples (MUP)
Ms. LeAnne Kion, Recruiter
Box 45880, Seattle, WA 98145-0880
Tel: 206-524-4600; fax: 206-524-6992
|BA or BS preferred;
Mr. Roy Kane, CoMission Coordinator
Box A, Greenwood, IN 46142
Tel: 800-932-7758; 317-881-6751
|HU/20||BA or BS; -
|Operation Mobilization (OM)
Mr.Keith Haywood, Personnel Director
Box 444, Tyrone, GA 30290-0444
Tel: 404-631-0432; fax: 404-631-0439
|English BA preferred;
10 weeks TESL training
1990 K St. NW, Washington, DC 20526
Tel: 800-424-8580 Ext. 2293
|ECE, CIS/100||BA or BS (96% of
applicants); TESL training
and ESL experience
and MA preferred
|27 mo./All expenses paid;
$5400 provided at end of
program. Living allowance,
travel, medical, and
dental insurance provided
|Southern Baptist Foreign Mission Board
Ms. Betty Cutchins, Sec., International Service Dept.
Box 6767, Richmond, VA 23230
Tel: 804-353-0151; fax: 804-358-0504
|BA or BS preferred;
"minimal" TESL training
|4 mo.-2 yrs./travel and cost
of living paid by Board
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© 1993 East-West Church and Ministry Report