East-West Church & Ministry Report
Vol. 1, No. 1, Winter 1993, Covering the Former Soviet Union and East Central Europe


Christian Churches in the Former Soviet Union

Since relaxation of restrictions against religion in the former Soviet Union, the number of Christian denominations has increased dramatically. For Protestant groups, for which more detailed data are available, estimates of total community as well as membership are supplied.
 
Denomination Membership 
 







Subtotal
Total


Russian Orthodox*
50,000,000


Roman Catholic*
 5,500,000 
Total Community
Including
Children and Adherants
Eastern-rite Catholic*
 5,000,000 
Armenian Apostolic* 
3,000,000
Georgian Orthodox*
2,000,000 








subtotal
total
Protestants**



Evangelical Christians-Baptists
248,705

746,115
     Registered
208,705

626,115

     Autonomous
25,000

75,000

     Unregistered
15,000

45,000

Lutherans
570,000

1,140,000
     Estonia
175,000

350,000

     Latvia
120,000

240,000

     Lithuania
25,000

50,000

     German, mostly in Central Asia 
     and Siberia
250,000

500,000

Pentecostals
191,000

700,000
     Pentecostal Union
100,000

370,000

     Unregistered Pentecostals 
     (Fedotov)
80,000

290,000

     Other Pentecostals
11,000

40,000

Hungarian Reformed
100,000

200,000
Seventh-Day Adventists
80,000

160,000
     Registered
40,000

80,000

     Unregistered (True and Free)
40,000

80,000

Mennonites
3,300

7,050
Methodists
1,743

2,500





Protestant Sub-Totals
1,204,748

2,955,665
Protestant Sub-Totals  
in Round Figures

1,205,000

2,960,000





Grand Total 
in Round Figures

66,705,000


 
 *The Soviet Union, State and Religion (Ermelo, Netherlands: Open Doors, 1990).
**Mark Elliott with Robert Richardson. "Growing Protestant Diversity in the Former Soviet Union" in Russian Pluralism: Now Irreversible, edited by Uri Ra'ana, Keith Armes, and Kate Martin (New York: St. Martin's Press, January 1993).


"Christian Churches in the Former Soviet Union," East-West Church & Ministry Report, 1 (Winter 1993), 11.

Written permission is required for reprinting or electronic distribution of any portion of the East-West Church & Ministry Report.

1993 East-West Church and Ministry Report
ISSN 1069-5664


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